How can he tell the Mensheviks and Bolsheviks apart at this juncture? Before all Russian Social Democrats including the Bolsheviks had hypothesised a provisional government born of popular struggle, but the actual government that emerged in February had emanated from a Tammany Hall-style backroom deal by a cabal of bourgeois politicians in the Duma the Tsarist parliament.
The original Bolshevik stance on the issue of the provisional government had been thrashed out at their London conference in His theory of permanent revolution, first stated instarkly posed the question: Alteration of the Party Programme, mainly on the question of imperialism and the imperialist war… Change of the party name.
The organization of separate Soviets of Deputies of Poor Peasants. We need to be aware that at this time, during the summer months of and encompassing the dramatic events of the July Days, when sections of the Bolsheviks were drawn towards a premature insurrection, Lenin was very wary of being tactically deflected into an abstract cul de sac of arguments about the nature of socialism.
I publish these personal theses with only the briefest explanatory comments, which were developed in far greater detail in the report. Now only struggle from below mattered, the culmination of which would be soviet power.
At the same time the soviets, last glimpsed inwere also starting to reappear. The spectre of a re-run of the s or even a return to the inter-imperialist rivalry reminiscent of the years prior tobut this time with nuclear weapons, is a chilling prospect.
For that Lenin was needed. At the April debates Lenin explained how any unity with the Mensheviks on their terms would have meant not only the continuation of the war but also retreat on the question of land reform as well as the re-establishment of managerial control in the workplace.
The Tasks of the Proletariat in the Present Revolution [a. Dual power embodied in the soviet and the provisional government arose.
The most widespread campaign for this view must be organised in the army at the front. After all, the largest party in Russia was also the party whose vast majority held the greatest ideological fear of seeing the revolution develop towards socialism—the misleadingly named petty-bourgeois populist Socialist Revolutionary Party.
But is this the only factor in play here? Until his arrival, not one of the Bolshevik leaders dared to make a diagnosis of the revolution… His divergence from the ruling circles of the Bolsheviks meant the struggle of the future of the party against its past.
The only thing I could do to facilitate matters for myself and for honest opponents was to prepare written theses. Those Bolsheviks who, like Kamenev, were opposed to Lenin were arguing that his opposition to the provisional government was too empty, too formal—too much like just sitting there saying that it is an imperialist government.
Pravda, 20 April He approvingly quotes the Menshevik Nikolai Sukhanov, who stated in his memoir of Without the appearance of the soviet, without the fact of dual power, there would have been no other viable option but to accept the provisional government and the self-imposed limitations of the bourgeois democratic revolution that had bought it into existence.
All countries are on the brink of ruin; people must realise this; there is no way out except through a socialist revolution. No support for the Provisional Government!
Indeed in St Petersburg the power was very much in the hands of the workers and soldiers: But this is not the stance that Kamenev, the epitome of old Bolshevism, took.
Any support or denunciation of it was not contingent on any further actions on its part.On 16 April (3 April according to the old Russian Calendar),Lenin arrived by train to a tumultuous reception at Finland Station in Petrograd.
The Theses [ edit ] The April Theses were first announced in a speech in two meetings on 17 April (4 April according to the old Russian Calendar).
Lenin's The April Theses () [Published in Pravda, No.
26, 7 April ]. I did not arrive in Petrograd until the night of April 3, and therefore at the meeting on April 4 I could, of course, deliver the report on the tasks of the revolutionary proletariat only on my own behalf, and.
With the April Theses, much to the shock of many leading Bolsheviks, Lenin abandons the conception of the “democratic dictatorship” of the two revolutionary classes in Russia, instead adopting.
The April Theses (Russian: апрельские тезисы, transliteration: aprel'skie tezisy) were a series of ten directives issued by the Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin upon his return to Petrograd from his exile in Switzerland via Germany and agronumericus.com Theses were mostly aimed at fellow Bolsheviks in Russia and returning to Russia from exile.
He called for soviets (workers' councils. Lenin's April Theses were a brief account of a speech he delivered on his return to Russia on April 3rdthen summarised in writing the following day. The April Theses was a document of ten points presented to the April Conference of Bolsheviks by Vladimir Lenin in The main points of the April Theses were to focus Bolshevik efforts on.Download